Submit two posts in response to the two fellow students’ posts. The goal of thes

Submit two posts in response to the two fellow students’ posts. The goal of thesUncategorized Submit two posts in response to the two fellow students’ posts. The goal of these posts is to add something of substance to the discussion. Each post must be 100% original and 150 to 160 words no more. Citations are not required unless sources are used.POST 1Jose Martinez Gomez6/27/22, 8:55 PMCriminal ProcedureCriminal procedure deals with the set of rules governing the series of proceedings through which the government enforces substantive criminal law. Municipalities, states, and the federal government each have their own criminal codes, defining types of conduct that constitute crimes. Title 18 of the U.S. Code outlines all federal crimes. Typically, federal crimes deal with activities that either extend beyond state boundaries or directly impact federal interests.Federal prosecutions follow the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, cited as Fed. R. Crim. P., which the U.S. Supreme Court promulgated and Congress passed. The Federal Rules outline the procedure for conducting federal criminal trials. The Federal Rules incorporate and expound upon all guarantees included within the U.S. Constitution’s Bill of Rights, such as the guarantee to due process and equal protection, the right to legal counsel, the right to confront witnesses, the right to a jury trial, and the right to not testify against oneself.State prosecutions follow the criminal procedure code of the individual state. Although every state has its own criminal procedure code, many states choose to mimic the Federal Rules. State procedural rules may offer greater protection to a defendant in a criminal trial than the U.S. Constitution or the Federal Rules, but may not offer less protection than guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution.POST 2Geoffrey Beere7/3/22, 12:49 AM NEWWeek One Post OneChapter Two Sources of Criminal LawThere are many different sources of criminal law, however, the majority of our criminal laws come from statutes that are passed by Congress and state legislatures. These statutes are laws that are created by each state’s legislature. These statutes/laws are not allowed to conflict with their own state’s constitution or the federal constitution or they will become invalid. Other sources include constitutions which each state has as well as the United States Constitution which contains the Bill of Rights with Amendments which deal with criminal issues such as the fourth, fifth, sixth, eighth, and fourteenth. Common law is another source of criminal law. Common law is also called judge-made law because it is based on prior decisions made by judges which are called precedent and are used as guidance for future cases with the same facts and issues. Regulations which have been enacted by an administrative agency are another source of criminal law. They cannot conflict with state statutes and constitutions. They are similar to ordinances, however, ordinances are written by local agencies. Another important source of criminal law in the Model Penal Code which was written by criminal law experts for the American Law Institute with the hope that each state would adopt it. So far, over thirty states have adopted all of it or at least a portion of it. Finally, court rules are also considered a source of criminal law. However, court rules guide the procedure aspects of a criminal case such as the deadlines for submissions of filings, the requirements for certain filings, etc.

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